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Permanent Residence – Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)


Canadian Immigration

Permanent Residence

Temporary Residence


Alternative Passports



Express Entry is the new System for managing the intake of economic immigration applications including the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FWSP). As of January 1, 2015, foreign nationals must receive an invitation from CIC before they may apply to the above programs. CIC aims to process 80 percent of complete Express Entry applications in six months or less.

However, applicants will have to meet first the programs criteria before being allowed to make an Express Entry Registration. Minimum requirements are

at least one year (1,560 hours total / 30 hours per week), PAID continuous full-time or an equal amount in part-time work experience in an NOC skill type 0, A or B occupation within the last 10 years

minimum language level of Canadian language Benchmark of 7 in each speaking, listening, reading, writing in either English or French, proven by approved language test. Test results must not be more than two years old on the day of application for permanent residence.

• Canadian secondary (high school) or post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree, OR an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report from an approved agency to show that the foreign education is equal to Canadian education standards.


Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

Candidates fulfilling the above minimum requirements can make the Express Entry and subsequent Canada Job bank Registration. They receive then a score and are ranked against each other in the Express Entry pool, basically competing against each others for an invitation.

The CRS and points are based on the basis of

• Human capital (=Age, Education, Language, Canadian & Foreign Work Experience, combinations)
• Human capital and a qualifying offer of arranged employment
• Human capital and a provincial or territorial nomination
Express Entry draws and the Invitation to Apply

On a regular basis, CIC conducts draws and invites the highest ranked Express Entry candidates to apply for permanent residence. Express Entry draws are done at a frequency and in numbers that align with CIC’s processing capacity and annual levels targets. Draws can be general and include all programs (i.e., top ranked candidates are drawn regardless of immigration program) or be program-specific (e.g., top ranked CEC candidates only).
From the date of issuance of an invitation to apply (ITA), candidates have 60 calendar days to submit a complete online application for permanent residence. Being in the Express Entry pool does not guarantee that a candidate will be issued an ITA. Likewise, an ITA does not guarantee that an applicant will receive a positive decision on their application for permanent residence.



There are a number of reasons you can be found inadmissible, denied a visa or refused entry to Canada under IRPA, such as:

  • security
  • human or international rights violations
  • criminality
  • organized criminality
  • health grounds
  • financial reasons
  • misrepresentation
  • non-compliance with IRPA or
  • having an inadmissible family member